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Wesley So tops world champ Carlsen for title anew, this time on Valentine’s Day
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FILE – Norwegian chess Grandmaster Magnus Carlsen (R) and Filipino-American chess grandmaster Wesley So play in the World Fischer Random Championship Chess final, at Henie Onstad Art Center in Baerum, Norway, on October 31, 2019. (Photo by Berit Roald / NTB Scanpix / AFP) / Norway OUT MANILA, Philippines — Wesley So dealt Magnus Carlsen another heartbreaker, beating the world champion in the Opera Euro Rapid on Valentine’s Day. It seems that So has Carlsen all figured out after he also pulled the rug from under him in the Skilling Open final on the Norwegian’s 30th birthday last December. “This is big. It’s totally unexpected to beat Magnus in a match,” said So in an interview with championschesstour.com. “To beat him twice in a match, is unheard of really.” “Finally, I’d like to apologize to Magnus for ruining his Valentine’s Day,” added So, who became the first player to bag two Meltwater Champions Chess Tour titles. The Philippine-born So, who began representing the United States in 2014, pocketed $30,000 (P1.4 million) in prize money. Just like in their previous encounter, Carlsen lamented not being able to capitalize on several opportunities throughout the match. “I’m a bit frustrated again today. Losing to Wesley is OK, he clearly had the most convincing tournament coming into today. But I do feel like I missed a lot of chances, that’s the frustrating part,” Carlsen said. “Overall, no shame in losing to him. But I feel like I could have done a whole lot better and it’s not going to sit well with me tonight.” Read Next Don't miss out on the latest news and information. Subscribe to INQUIRER PLUS to get access to The Philippine Daily Inquirer & other 70+ titles, share up to 5 gadgets, listen to the news, download as early as 4am & share articles on social media. Call 896 6000. For feedback, complaints, or inquiries, contact us.
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2020: Ukunyuka koomatshini
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NguJames Grosjean Ndibala phakathi kweedrones zeNetflix ezazithanda iQueen's Gambit (2020), kodwa bendihlala ndingumthandi wechess. Ngexesha lokufunda kwam ekholejini, kusenokwenzeka ukuba ndatya iicroissants zetshokholethi ngelixa ndibukele i-quirky, omangalisayo uMurray Turnbull (aka "Umphathi we-Chess") athabatha bonke abeza kwikwere yedolophu- "$ 2, buyisela imali ukuba uphumelele okanye uzobe." Kwakulilungelo lam ukuthimba ifoto yeKarpov enkulu eyenziwe nguglasi onamabala eSikhumbuzo seHolo xa wayesenza ibhodi engama-40 kwi-campus. Ndayinxalenye yomshicileli wabafundi xa uKasparov wenza ingxelo yakhe eyayiphikisana ngelo xesha yokuba ikhompyuter yayiza kuba yintshatsheli enkulu ngaphambi kokuba umfazi abe yiyo. Ukugcina ingxoxo-mpikiswano malunga nokusilela kuka-Kasparov kwenye iforum kunye nolunye usuku, ndiyithathile ingxelo yakhe njengengqikelelo nje esekwe kukuqwalaselwa komkhosi woluntu wechess. Ukuthatha inxaxheba kwabasetyhini kuhlala kuphantsi, kwaye kungabi nakukhula okunentsingiselo, ngelixa iikhompyuter sele zomelele, kwaye zisomelela ngokukhawuleza. Oomatshini baya kuzisa ukulingana okutsha-apho bonke abantu besini bachaphazeleka njengeembovane. Ithiyori kaZermelo isixelela ukuba umdlalo onolwazi olupheleleyo (bobabini abadlali banokubona zonke iziqwenga kwibhodi yechess), leyo iphelele (umdlalo uya KUPHELA emva kwenani elithile lokuhamba), inesisombululo, kwaye ukuba omabini amacala adlala oku Isisombululo esifanelekileyo, emva koko wonke umdlalo uneziphumo ezifanayo. I-Chess inzima ngokwaneleyo ukuba asiqinisekanga ukuba isiphumo siya kuba yintoni, kodwa sicinga ukuba uMhlophe uza kuphumelela ngalo lonke ixesha, kwimeko apho kungekho mpendulo yaMnyama inokutshintsha isiphumo. Umdlalo woQhagamshelo lweSine nawo uwela phantsi kweTheorem kaZermelo, kwaye uhlalutyo luye lwafumanisa ukuba kuloo mdlalo, usis ohlekisayo uhlala ephumelela ukuba uya kuqala kwaye udlala ngokugqibeleleyo. Ukuba uyi AP othande iQGambit, kwaye ulambile ukufumana umxholo ongaphezulu ngeli bhubhane lingapheliyo, isabelo sakho esilandelayo kukubukela iAlphaGo, uxwebhu malunga nokunyuka kweekhompyuter kumdlalo wakudala weGo, onzima ngakumbi kune Itshesi. Ayidlali, le bhanyabhanya iyinto ehlekisayo kubantu abanomdla kule ndawo kwaye bayayixabisa idrama yeemvakalelo ezinamandla yintshatsheli yoluntu, u-Lee Sedol-eyona ilungileyo yakwenza. Ifilimu ibamba uxinzelelo lukaSedol, inkalipho, ubukrelekrele, ukuthobeka, njengoko eqonda ukuba lo mdlalo ngokuchasene nomatshini ayingomdlalo nje, kodwa kukuvela kwenkqubo entsha yehlabathi. Ayisiyiyo inkqubo, uSedol akayikuxabisanga into aza kuba nayo, kodwa njengengcali yobugcisa bakhe, ebhodini wayenokuziva engenakuphola, ubunzima obungenakoyiswa kumchasi wakhe. Emva kokuba wonwabele iAlphaGo, ndincoma (eneneni, uGoogle ucebisa) ukuba ubukele omnye umdlalo we-poker phakathi kwesikolo esidala uDan Negreanu kunye ne-computer-clone yanamhlanje uDoug Polk. Oyena mdlali ubalaseleyo emhlabeni ngumatshini, ke umntu okrelekrele njengoPolk ulingisa iqhinga lomatshini. Lungisa okanye ufe. Ndakhe ndatshintshana ngokufutshane noWoward Lederer. Ndambuza malunga ne-bots kwiindawo ze-poker. Uwuchasile lo mbandela esithi: “I-Poker ayifani nechess. I-Poker ngumdlalo wolwazi olungaphelelanga. Iikhompyuter azilunganga kwaphela. ” Khange nditsho ukuba usisidenge na nave okanye i-conman shill ye-Full Tilt Poker. Nokuba yeyiphi indlela, bendingafuni ukuqhubeka nale ncoko kwiminyaka eli-15 eyadlulayo. Kodwa ngoku silapha, ngo-2021, kwaye lixesha lokuba siqhubeke nale ncoko, ngokuchasa ubuxoki bokuqala ngokubhekisele kwi-GTO (umdlalo wethiyori efanelekileyo) iikhompyuter, nazo zonke ezinye izinto ezigqwethekileyo ezenziwa zii-poker dinosaurs kunye nabazibhengezileyo be-poker ndinamathele ngokungathandabuzekiyo: Ubuxoki # 1: Iikhompyuter azilunganga kwimidlalo yolwazi olungaphelelanga. Oku kukungazi nje. Kuyinyani ukuba iTheorem kaZermelo ayisebenzi kwimidlalo efana ne-poker. Kwi-poker, kukho ezinye iithiyori abathi ngokusisiseko kukho isisombululo kumdlalo, kwaye isisombululo sekhompyuter siza kubandakanya "izicwangciso ezixubeneyo" nto leyo ethetha ukuba kukho icandelo elingenanto yokwenza isicwangciso (njengokufowunela iSikere nge-1/3 ). Iicompyuter zilungile, zibhetele kunabantu, ekubaleni ulindelo ngaphezulu kweziphumo ezinokubakho, ngakumbi xa ulwabiwo olunokwenzeka lusaziwa ngokuchanekileyo, njengoko kunjalo kwimidlalo yamakhadi. Umzekelo, ikhompyuter iyazi kakuhle ukuba yintoni amathuba okuzoba i-backdoor Flush kwaye yeyiphi imbiza ekungafunekiyo ukuba ifune ukuthetheleleka. Nangona i-poker ibandakanya ulwazi olungaphelelanga, iintloko-ezingapheliyo akukho mda we-poker ngumdlalo olula kune-Go, nangona i-Go ibandakanya ulwazi olupheleleyo (ulwazi oluqhelekileyo lolwazi). Ubuxoki # 2: Ukuphakama kwekhompyuter kuvela ekubeni sikwazi ukukhumbula sonke isandla endisidlalileyo, kwaye sihlengahlengise ngokufanelekileyo. Ngelixa "i-bot exhaphazayo" inokuthi ihlalutye umdlalo wakho wexesha elidlulileyo kwaye uhlengahlengise kubuthathaka obucatshangelwayo, ibhotile esemgangathweni ye-GTO (esasiyibiza ngokuba yi "Nash bot") yi-poker elinganayo ne-BS kwi-blackjack. Isicwangciso seGTO asitshintshi, nokuba udlale njani ngaphambili. Ayilufuni olo lwazi, kwaye ayikhathali. Ubuxoki # 3: Isisombululo se-GTO "sichanekile" kuphela xa sidlala ngokuchasene nenye i-GTO bot, kuba yile nto yayicingelwa xa kuphuhliswa i-bot-i-bot "yafunda" ngokudlala ngokuchasene nayo. Ubuxoki obu. "I-bot edlalwa ngokuchasene nayo yokufunda i-poker" kukuchazwa gwenxa kwenkqubo yophuhliso. Imithombo yeendaba iyathanda ukuhanahanisa iqhosha layo lokucofa ukwenza zonke iziphumo zekhompyuter isandi njengokuqhambuka kwenzala, ukubhengeza i-HAL kunye ne-Skynet. Ibhotile ye-GTO ayazi nto malunga ne-poker. Ukufumana isicwangciso-qhinga se-GTO sisenzo sokubala, esenziwe senzeka ngememori enkulu kunye nesantya se-CPU esifumaneka kwiikhompyuter zanamhlanje kunye nophuhliso lwealgorithm efanelekileyo yokwenza ukubala ("ukunciphisa ukuzisola"). Zange khe sisebenzise ukuchaza ialgorithm “njengokufunda ngomatshini” okanye “AI” - sasidla ngokuyibiza ngokuba “ukunyuka induli” okanye “ukwandiswa” okanye “ukulungiswa.” Kwinyathelo ngalinye le-algorithm ephindaphindwayo, ikhompyuter ineqhinga langoku eliphantsi kwesihlalo ngasinye etafileni, kwaye esi sicwangciso sangoku sinokuchazwa ngokuxhaphakileyo njenge “uqobo,” njengakwi: “IPokerSnowie idlala ngokuchasene nayo.” Kodwa kuyinyani nje kwindlela yayo yokunyuka intaba ukuze idibane encotsheni- isicwangciso esiliqili se-poker. Owona mgangatho uphezulu awuthathi nawuphi na umchasi. Kukho ezinye iindlela esinokuthi sisicombulule isisombululo (nangona mhlawumbi singangxami), kwaye iyakulunga ngokuchanekileyo. Esi sicwangciso-qhinga seGTO sithi "INcwadi" ye-poker, kwaye ngekhe ibe sengozini, nokuba uchasene kangakanani nomchasi wakhe. Akukho cebo linokufumana umda ngokuchasene nalo. Ubuxoki # 4: I-bot ye-GTO ithatha ukuba ndiza kudlala ngendlela ethile, kodwa ndiza kuyikhohlisa ngokudlala isuti yam engama-72 ngaphandle kwesikhundla. Akulunganga. I-bot ye-GTO ayithathi nto malunga nendlela odlala ngayo. Ayikhathali. Ayinakubethwa nxamnye NASIPHI na isicwangciso esichasayo. Khawufane ucinge ukuba umlo ozayo nxamnye noFloyd Mayweather, kwaye uthi, “UFloyd ulindele ukuba ndibonakale ndikwimeko entle engenampilo. Uthatha ukuba ndiza kuziqeqesha nzima kwiinyanga ezintandathu ezizayo. Ndiza kumkhohlisa — ndiza kubukela nje iNetflix ndize nditye idonathi kwezi nyanga zintandathu zilandelayo. ” UFloyd akazi ukuba uza kuqeqesha kangakanani. Uyazi ukuba ukuba yena ngokwakhe ubonakala emile ngokugqibeleleyo, akukho mdlali unokufumana umda kuye. Ngaba kusengqiqweni ukuthi, “I-bot ithatha ukuba ndiza kudlala kakuhle. Ndiza kuqhatha ibot ngokudlala kakubi! ” Ewe ubabonisile! Ubuxoki # 5: Ndifumene ubuthathaka-xa ndinento enjalo, ukusuka kwisikhundla esinjalo, i-bot kufuneka yenze i-X, kodwa iyenza Y. Ayilunganga. I-bot ayinabuthathaka. Ujonge kwisandla esithile esibanjiweyo, kunye nesiphumo esithile, kodwa ngokusekwe kumathuba okuba kuloo meko, kwaye zonke izandla ezinokubanjwa zijongwe kwindawo yokujonga i-bot, umdlalo wayo uchanekile, kwaye andifumani mngxuma apho. Kuyingozi kakhulu ukujonga umdlalo wedwa. I-bot yenza intshukumo yokulinganisa amanqanaba ayo, ukuze ungabinayo i-chisel kwezinye iimeko, okanye ukuba amakhadi ahlukeneyo eza emlanjeni. Ukuba awuyiboni, ke isiphako kukucinga kwakho hayibo, hayi kwi-bot's. Ubuxoki # 6: Ukuba ndiyayidlala okwethutyana, ndiza kuyifumana indlela edlala ngayo kwaye ndifumane ubuthathaka. Akulunganga. Akukho buthathaka. Ngapha koko, singasipapasha isicwangciso se-bot, kwaye ngekhe senze mahluko. Ukuba ndiyakuxelela ukuba ndiza kudlala iSikere, iDwala, kunye nePhepha nge-1/3 kulowo nalowo, inyani yokuba uyazi isicwangciso sam ayikuniki mandla okufumana umda. Akukho sithende se-Achilles. Ubuxoki # 7: Iibhothi eziNtloko zoPhakamisa ii-bots ezifakwe kwiikhasino zazibethwa kakhulu, kungoko i-bots zeGTO zinjalo. Olu ayilothelekiso olunentsingiselo. Ezinye zeebhotile zekhasino zayalelwa ukuba zingadlali umdlalo wabo, kuba womelele kakhulu xa uthelekiswa nabantu abaqhelekileyo. Ukuba ikhasino icwangcisa i-bot ukuba idlale umdlalo wayo we-B, ukufezekisa, yithi, i-5% yomda ngokuchasene nabadlali abaninzi, umntu olunge ngokwenene ebenokwenza imali ngokuchasene ne-GTSO bot (umdlalo wethiyori ongaphantsi kwe-bot). Kodwa ngumba owahlukileyo. Andikhathali nokuba ungubani: Ukuba udlala iintloko ngokuchasene nePokerSnowie, uya kuphulukana. Ubuxoki # 8: I-bots ze-GTO zinokubetha abadlali ababuthathaka, kodwa i-bots iya kuba nengxaki ngokuchasene nabachasi abaphezulu njengoPhil Ivey okanye uDan Negreanu. Akulunganga. Into entle malunga ne-bot ye-GTO kukuba ayinamsebenzi ukuba ngubani na olichasayo. Okona kulungileyo, umntu angadlala nakwibhotile. Isangqa se-bots zeGTO singafana nesinki, ngemali ebaleka ngokujonga iwotshi isukela iqhosha, kwaye ikhuphe iziko letafile ngenxa yereki. Ingxaki ebonakalayo ezazisenziwa zihlabathi lokwenyani yayikukuthatha isigqibo xa ubuchule babo banele ukonyuka ukuya kwiziteyki eziphezulu ezikhoyo, apho abadlali babenamandla ngakumbi. Kodwa ngoku, umdlali olingisa isicwangciso seGTO unokuhlala phantsi nakweyiphi na itafile emhlabeni, nakweyiphi na imigca, kwaye ungazikhathazi ngokuba yintlanzi. Okona kungcono, umdlalo ubuya kuba (ngaphandle kweharika), kwaye xa usenza, isicwangciso seGTO sinika umda omkhulu ngokuchasene nabani na oza kudibana naye endle. Ubuxoki # 9: UDan Negreanu yipoker yexesha elide kunye neentsimbi ze-N, ke uya kutyumza iisitshi zekhompyuter ezinje ngoDoug Polk ongayiqondiyo imeko ye-poker yokwenene. Ukuba umntu onje ngePolk ukhumbula nje "iitshathi" kwaye alingise iqhinga le-GTO, akufuneki aqonde into eyilahleko. Akudingeki ukuba azi ukuba igama elithi "nuance" lithetha ntoni. Amava e-Poker eziluncedo ezinje ngeNegreanu yeyona nto ibenza bakwazi ukufumana owona mdlalo ubalaseleyo kwezi meko zazinzima. La mava aphelelwe lixesha ngoku ukuba iikhompyuter zisandula ukubala ukuba zeziphi izinto ezifanelekileyo. Mhlawumbi ngo-1950, amava omdlali amenza ukuba abone ukuba ukubetha i-14 v T kwakungcono kunokuma. Nje ukuba abakhweli bamahashe abane babhale itshathi ye-BS, loo mava omnyama akaba sabaluleka. Incwadi ihambisa amava ngokungeyomfuneko. Ngoku iDoug Polk ayisiyo-bot ye-GTO. Ungumntu ophambili osebenzisa izicwangciso zeGTO. Ke, ukudubula kukaNegreanu kuphela ukubetha uPolk kukuba ukulingiswa kwe-GTO kwePolk akuchanekanga, kwaye ukuba imingxunya inkulu ngokwaneleyo ukuba uNegreanu ayifumane kwaye ayisebenzise. Andiyiqondi. Elinye ixesha elide kukuba bayadlala bukhoma, kwaye ukuba uPolk uxelele ngokwasemzimbeni ukuba anike ulwazi malunga namakhadi akhe emingxunya, kwaye ukuba uNegreanu angamfunda ngaloo ndlela. Okanye ukuba iPolk inemicimbi ethambekileyo kwaye iqala ukuphambuka kwi-GTO ukuba inamakhadi angalunganga. Akunakwenzeka njalo. Okanye, mhlawumbi umdlalo mfutshane ngokwaneleyo ukuba uNegreanu afumane ithamsanqa kwisampulu encinci. Emva kokudlala ngokuchasene neAlphaGo, uLee Sedol wawuphakamisa umdlalo wakhe kwaye waqala watyumza wonke umntu (ayikuko ukuba ebengekabikho), kodwa ke uthathe umhlala-phantsi kumdlalo! Uvumile ukuba uphumelele (yintoni umbono!), Kwaye akukho mntu uya kuphinda acele umlingisi obalaseleyo emhlabeni, iAlphaGo. Siza kubona ukuba i-Negreanu iya kuba ne-epiphany efanayo. Itwitter yakutshanje indenza ndizibuze, kuba uNegreanu ubonakala ngathi ubuza umdlalo we-bot, kwaye ucebisa ukuba kukho umgca omncinci phakathi kobukrelekrele kunye nokunikela. Ndicinga ukuba usenethemba lokuba kukho isiphene kwisicwangciso seGTO. Akukho. Ndagqibela ukuva, uNegreanu wayefumana ukhuphiswano, kwaye kukho ubungqina bokuba esinye sezizathu kukuba, kwityala lakhe, uNegreanu uziqhelanisa nePokerSnowie, kwaye uyaziqhelanisa! Ukuba uNegreanu unokufunda ngokukhawuleza isicwangciso se-GTO, emva koko angalinganisa indawo yokudlala, eya kuba yimpumelelo enkulu. Ekuphela kwendlela enokusinda ngayo idayinaso kukuba iguquke. Siza kubona ngo-2021. [Next time, I’ll discuss some of the limitations and weaknesses of the poker bots, unless we thrash them out in the Comments below.]
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